Swael

16
S
Groep
16
Periode
3
Blok
p
Protrone
Elektrone
Neutrone
16
16
16
Algemene Eienskappe
Atoom Nommer
16
Atoommassa
32,065
Massa Nommer
32
Kategorie
Niemetale
Kleur
Geel
Radioaktief
Nee
Known to the ancients; referred to in Genesis as brimstone
Kristalstruktuur
Face Centered Orthorhombic
Geskiendenis
By the 3rd century, the Chinese discovered that sulfur could be extracted from pyrite.

Indian alchemists wrote extensively about the use of sulfur in alchemical operations with mercury, from the eighth century AD onwards.

In 1777, Antoine Lavoisier helped convince the scientific community that sulfur was an element, not a compound.
Elektrone per skil
2, 8, 6
Elektronkonfigurasie
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
S
Penicillin is a natural, sulfur-based antibiotic
Fisiese Eienskappe
Fase
Soliede
Digtheid
2,067 g/cm3
Smeltpunt
388,36 K | 115,21 °C | 239,38 °F
Kookpunt
717,8 K | 444,65 °C | 832,37 °F
Heat of Fusion
1,73 kJ/mol
Heat of Vaporization
9,8 kJ/mol
Spesifieke Hitte Kapasiteit
0,71 J/g·K
Oorvloed in die aardkors
0,042%
Oorvloed in die heelal
0,05%
A
Beeld Krediete: Wikimedia Commons (Ben Mills)
A sample of sulfur
CAS Nommer
7704-34-9
PubChem CID Nommer
5362487
Atomiese Eienskappe
Atoom radius
88 pm
Kovalente Radius
105 pm
Elektronegatiewiteit
2,58 (Pauling scale)
Ionisasie potensiaal
10,36 eV
Atoom volume
15,5 cm3/mol
Termiese geleidingsvermoë
0,00269 W/cm·K
Oksidasiestate
-2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Toepassings
Sulfur's main commercial use is as a reactant in the production of sulfuric acid.

Sulfur is a component of black gunpowder, and is used in the vulcanization of natural rubber and a fungicide.

It is used to make sulfite paper and other papers, to fumigate fumigant, and to bleach dried fruits.

It is also used extensively in making phosphatic fertilizers.
Elemental sulfur is considered to be of low toxicity
Isotope
Stabiele Isotope
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S
Onstabiele Isotope
26S, 27S, 28S, 29S, 30S, 31S, 35S, 37S, 38S, 39S, 40S, 41S, 42S, 43S, 44S, 45S, 46S, 47S, 48S, 49S